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TOPIC: Accessibility With Screen Readers

Accessibility With Screen Readers 3 years 5 months ago #60175

  • lhughes30
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I have a user with the following concerns about accessibility for people using screen readers. These comments are related to the demo survey at www.limesurvey.org/en/demo. I'd greatly appreciate any help or ideas with meeting these requirements:

1. Radio buttons/checkboxes:
The radio buttons are labeled with the <label> element but are not
explicitly associated with any actual questions. One way to solve this
problem is to use <fieldset> to group the answers with each question;
otherwise the screen reader reads only the answers (the checkboxes/buttons)
but the user must search around for each question. Also, they should add
headings (h1, h2, h3, etc.) to each question to make it easy for
screen-reader users to jump from one question to the next by pressing the
heading shortcut key (this is important).

2. The data table on page 2 poses some interesting problems. To fully
understand this question, users must approach the grid as a data table, not
as a sequence of form fields. This is a straightforward procedure when
users navigate using a screen reader's table-reading commands: scan to the
correct row, then move the focus over to the correct button/table cell to
answer the question for that row. Conventional form markup (i.e., the
<label> element) may not work here because of the tablular construction.
One alternate approach may be to use aria-labelledby but we'd need to test
first.

Another approach would be to implement this table simply as a series of data
cells, each of which contains a dropdown list that poses the question AND
holds the answers. That is, the initial value (that is, the visible text)
of each dropdown list is the actual *question* which needs to be answered.
For instance, the initial value of the first dropdown list could be
"Database, such as MySQL"; when the dropdown list is opened the user would
see the answers and simply choose the appropriate one: "I don't know what
this is," "I've heard of it," "No answer," etc.

3. The form elements at the top of page 5, where users must click an item
in a list box on the left side and then that item automatically moves to a
list on the right side, are not keyboard accessible or screen-reader
accessible. This approach will be tricky to make accessible.
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